Tightly connected to the City of Constantza, the Port of Constantza’s history can be traced as far back as the 6th Century, when it operated as an emporium for Greek merchants and locals. Today known as the Eastern gate of Europe thanks to its location on the very Eastern part of Romania, the Port of Constantza is in its third year of privatisation while under the helm of NC Maritime Ports Administration SA Constantza; the organisation has taken the role of port authority for the Romanian Ports Constantza, Midi and Mangalia and, as such, aims to provide high quality and competitive services to the each of the ports’ customers. It also strives to offer a developed transport infrastructure, security, safety and environmentally friendly port conditions, which will thus attract cargo traffic and further transform the port into a vital transit centre. The key regular lines calling at the port are containers, cruise lines and ro-ro/ferries.
As one of the main distribution centres for the Central and Eastern European markets, the Port of Constantza is located at the crossroads of the trade routes linking landlocked countries to areas such as Transcaucasus, Central Asia and the Far East. Taking advantage of its enviable location, the port has developed excellent connections through the Corridor IV (rail and road) and the Corridor VII – Danube (an inland waterway), to which it is linked by the Danube – Black Sea Canal. This is one of the main strengths of the port, as the Danube is one of the most advantageous modes of transport due to low costs and the high cargo volumes that can be carried. Additionally, the port also uses the Corridor IX (road), which passes through Bucharest.
On top of its enviable connections, the multi-purpose Port of Constantza offers many advantages to customers; these include modern facilities and sufficient water depths in the port basins, which enable it to accommodate the largest vessels as they pass through the Suez Canal. It is also a hub for the container traffic in the Black Sea, has strong connections with all modes of transport, land availability for future expansion and has been a Free Zone since 1st January 2007.
To further strengthen its strong reputation as the Eastern Gate of Europe, the port has undergone infrastructure developments over recent years; these include the completion of the northern breakwater, which was extended by 1050 metres. Valued at 616,101,412 lei, the project was undertaken to improve operating conditions by decreasing the waves agitation in the port aquatory, which would increase safety for vessels by ensuring the protection of port channels and minimising the destructive effects of waves on port facilities. With work beginning on March 8th 2013, the completion of this project is anticipated to increase productivity at the port as 25 per cent of productivity decrease will be eliminated at the berths, while idle time during bad weather will be eliminated at the barges. The project will also further increase the reliability of the port’s operation schedule and open up opportunities for developments at the southern part of the port in the future. Moreover, it has led to the creation of 450 new jobs during the implementation phase and ten jobs during the phase of operation.
In addition, a project to construct a road bridge on kilometre 0+540 of the Danube-Black Sea Canal has recently been completed, resulting in the possibility of connecting the port of Constantza with the Bucharest – Constantza highway via the Constantza City bypass. This project has also created an alternative route through the building of an access road to the existing national road while also providing a direct link between the North and South areas of the port without transiting the town.
Valued at 191,797,112 lei, the project has resulted in the placing of the cable-stayed bridge, which boasts a total length of 360 metres. There are also viaducts of access to the bridge, such as a viaduct on the left bank with a length of 281.15 metres, which leads towards Constantza and has eight openings, and a viaduct on the right bank, which has a length of 262.42 metres and leads towards Agigea; this too has eight openings. Both projects were financed through the Sectorial Operational Programme for Transport (SOP-T 2007-2013), from EU structural funds (85 per cent) and from the state budget (15 per cent).
Moving forward, the Port of Constantza’s operations are to be further enhanced as NC Maritime Ports Administration SA Constantza seeks further infrastructure developments that are anticipated to reach up to 918 million Euros. Although it is already entrenched in history, these ongoing improvements will ensure the port remains a vital hub for many years to come.
Port of Constantza
In third year of privatisation
Undergone infrastructure developments over recent years
Further investments could equal up to 918 million euros